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Volume 41 Number 4, July/August 2004
Pages 611 — 620


Perceived exertion and rehabilitation with arm crank in elderly patients after total hip arthroplasty: A preliminary study

Celine Christine Grange, MS; Jerome Maire, PhD; Alain Groslambert, PhD; Nicolas Tordi, PhD;
Benoit Dugue, PhD; Jean-Noel Pernin, PhD; Jean-Denis Rouillon, MD, PhD

Laboratory of Sport Sciences (Unite de formation en sciences et techniques des activites physiques et sportives
[UFRSTAPS]) of Besanšon, 25000 Besanšon, France; Laboratory of Applied Mechanic, 25000 Besanšon, France
Abstract-This preliminary study examined, in a restricted randomized trial, the effects of a 6-week arm-crank rehabilitation training program in elderly osteoarthrosis patients after total hip arthroplasty, first on physiological and perceptual responses and second on physical function. Two groups of patients were studied: a training group (N = 7, mean age = 74.9 yr, standard deviation [SD] = 5.0 yr) who followed a training program in addition to traditional rehabilitation and a control group who followed traditional rehabilitation only (N = 7 mean age = 75.4 yr, SD = 5.1 yr). At the beginning of the training program, the heart rate and the perceived exertion were not significantly correlated during the exercise session. However, at the end of the training program, five patients had a significant heart rate/perceived exertion relationship (p < 0.05). Furthermore, positive effects of the arm-crank rehabilitation training program were observed on cardioventilatory and functional responses in the training group compared with the control group. These results suggest that after an habituation period, most of our elderly osteoarthrosis patients experienced physical sensations that were connected to physiological responses. Therefore, perceived exertion could be useful in these patients to regulate exercise intensity, especially at the end of and after the rehabilitation period.
Key words: arm-crank exercise, hip arthroplasty, perceived exertion, rehabilitation.

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