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Logo for the Journal of Rehab R&D
Volume 42 Number 6, November/December 2005
Pages 747 — 760


Abstract - Quality-of-life predictors for caregivers at 1 and 6 months poststroke: Results of path analyses

Marieke Van Puymbroeck, PhD;1* Maude R. Rittman, PhD, RN2

1Department of Recreation, Sport, and Tourism, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL; 2Department of Veterans Affairs, Rehabilitation Outcomes Research Center, Gainesville, FL
Abstract — In this study, we used path analyses to test a theoretical model of influences on quality of life (QOL) for stroke caregivers at 1 and 6 months poststroke. We examined data from two points in time to determine the influence of stroke survivor and caregiver characteristics on QOL for stroke caregivers. Stroke survivor and caregiver characteristics had some direct influence on QOL outcomes for stroke caregivers at both 1 and 6 months poststroke. However, the most influential factor at both time points on each QOL component was sense of coherence (SOC). SOC is a relatively new factor in QOL and caregiver literature and is essentially the ability of caregivers to mobilize their coping resources during periods of stress. Caregivers who were able to mobilize these resources effectively experienced less burden in four QOL components and fewer symptoms of depression.
Key words: burden, caregivers, coping, depression, functional status, income, quality of life, race/ethnicity, sense of coherence, stroke.

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