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Logo for the Journal of Rehab R&D
Volume 43 Number 3, May/June 2006
Pages 337 — 346

Abstract - Monocular patching in subjects with right-hemisphere stroke affects perceptual-attentional bias

Anna M. Barrett, MD;1-2* Stephanie Burkholder, BA3

1Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research and Education Corporation, West Orange, NJ; 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, NJ; 3Department of Neurology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA
Abstract — Monocular patching is a possible inexpensive treatment for spatial neglect. Previous studies were unpromising, but since neglect symptoms are heterogeneous, fractionating spatial bias may detect significant effects of patching. Poststroke, perceptual-attentional (PA) spatial bias, motor-intentional (MI) spatial bias, or both may occur. In this study, six poststroke subjects bisected lines while self-monitoring their performance via a camera/video apparatus. We dissociated PA and MI spatial bias by right-left reversing visual feedback in some trials. Subjects were tested with and without right and left eye patches. Patching did not affect group line-bisection error, but both right and left patches decreased individual subject PA spatial bias (p < 0.05). We detected no patching effect on individual subject MI spatial bias (significant patch side by bias interaction, p = 0.03). When we examined each subject's results separately, patching improved performance in subjects who had greater PA and MI spatial biases. We conclude that monocular patching may primarily affect poststroke PA spatial bias. Further studies on this intervention are needed.
Key words: attention, cognition, eye patch, monocular vision, motor planning, neglect, rehabilitation, spatial bias, stroke, visual occlusion.

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