VA Research and Development LOGO

Logo for the Journal of Rehab R&D
Volume 43 Number 3, June/July 2006
Pages 301 — 310


Abstract - Clinical and cognitive predictors of swallowing recovery in stroke

Mae Fern Schroeder, BA;1 Stephanie K. Daniels, PhD;1-2* Maryellen McClain, PhD;2 David M. Corey, PhD;2-3 Anne L. Foundas, MD2,4

1Research Service, New Orleans Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC), New Orleans, LA; 2Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA; 3Department of Psychology, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA; 4Neurology Service, New Orleans VAMC, New Orleans, LA
Abstract — This retrospective study determined whether specific neurological features were associated with initial and final swallowing outcomes in acute stroke patients. A chart review of 65 acute stroke patients suggested that certain clinical and neurocognitive behaviors were associated with swallowing outcomes. Hemispatial neglect was significantly associated with initial nonoral dietary intake, whereas aphasia was not associated with swallowing outcome. Results from the initial clinical swallowing evaluations suggested that the presence of at least four of six clinical features (cough after swallow, voice change after swallow, abnormal volitional cough, abnormal gag reflex, dysphonia, and dysarthria) were associated with poor initial and final swallowing outcomes. Whether specific lesion location, size, or a combination of clinical neurological deficits are associated with poor initial and final swallowing outcomes is unclear. Prospective studies are warranted for further investigation of these relationships.
Key words: aphasia, aspiration, diet, dysphagia, hemispatial neglect, hemispheric damage, penetration, stroke, swallowing, videofluoroscopic swallow study.

 → go to Contents Page for Volume 42, No 4
 → go to HTML version of this article
 → go to PDF version of this article