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Volume 44 Number 1 2007
Pages 83 — 90


Abstract - Development of international standards to document sexual and reproductive functions after spinal cord injury: Preliminary report

Marcalee Sipski Alexander, MD;1* Donald Bodner, MD;2 Nancy L. Brackett, PhD, HCLD;3 Stacy Elliott, MD;4 Amie B. Jackson, MD;1 Jens Sønksen, MD, PhD, DMSci5

1Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spain Rehabilitation Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; 2Department of Urology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH; 3The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL; 4Departments of Psychiatry and Urology, University of British Columbia (BC), BC Center for Sexual Medicine, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 5Department of Urology, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Abstract — Clinicians need standard terminology to communicate effectively about remaining autonomic function in persons after spinal cord injury. This article illustrates the development of standard nomenclature that describes the impact of injury on sexual functioning. A standard anatomic diagnosis and a secondary means of describing the presence of male and female sexual dysfunction, genital arousal, and orgasmic function are discussed.
Key words: arousal, assessment, female, fertility, male, menstruation, orgasm, sexuality, sexual response, spinal cord, standards.

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