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Pain and combat injuries in soldiers returning from Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom: Implications for research and practice

Michael E. Clark, PhD, et al.

Figure. Proposed revision in pain classification for combat-trauma pain.

Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom have resulted in a growing number of seriously injured soldiers evacuated to the United States for medical care. Trauma-related pain is almost always present among these war-injured soldiers. Several military and Department of Veterans Affairs programs have been implemented to improve pain care. We describe several of these new approaches. We also present data on the soldiers treated, the services provided, and the effects of treatment. Finally, we identify some of the challenges emerging from work with this population and recommend future research and practice priorities.


Volume 44 Number 2 2007
Pages 179 — 194


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