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Cognitive impairment and pain management: Review of issues and challenges

Martha D. Buffum, DNSc, APRN, BC, CS, et al.

Research shows that pain is often not recognized in persons with communication problems related to brain disease. Older persons with dementia experience memory loss, and seriously ill and dying patients experience confusion. Treating pain will increase the comfort of all these persons. In this article, we review the types of problems that affect the brain and interfere with pain management, how pain is measured, what pain management approaches help, and future research needs. Those who care for adults with brain-related disease will find this article relevant.


Volume 44 Number 2 2007
Pages 315 — 330


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