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Investigation of large transit vehicle accidents and establishing appropriate protection for wheelchair riders

Greg Shaw, PhD

Figure. Washington State Transit Insurance Pool: Most severe crash involved fixed-route transit bus whose driver passed out from apparent heart attack in March 1999.

This study examines injury-producing events aboard large city buses so that we may better understand the potential risks and required protection for wheelchair users. The study found that few injuries and fatalities occur onboard large transit buses. Abrupt braking or turning occurs frequently and is associated with approximately half of onboard passenger injuries. Crash events are much less common. Most of the crashes in which bus passengers were injured involved frontal impacts with another vehicle or roadside object. This study provides information that will inform the development of safe, easy-to-use wheelchair tiedown systems.

Volume 45 Number 1, 2008
   Pages 85 — 108

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