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Volume 45 Number 8, 2008
   Pages 1215 — 1226

Abstract - Balance control in hemiparetic stroke patients: Main tools for evaluation

Clarissa Barros de Oliveira, PT;1* Ítalo Roberto Torres de Medeiros, MD, PhD;2 Norberto Anizio Ferreira Frota, MD;1 Mário Edvin Greters, MD;2 Adriana B. Conforto, MD, PhD1,3

Departments of 1Neurology and 2Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital das Clínicas, São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil; 3Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil

Abstract — Balance problems in hemiparetic patients after stroke can be caused by different impairments in the physiological systems involved in postural control, including sensory afferents, movement strategies, biomechanical constraints, cognitive processing, and perception of verticality. Balance impairments and disabilities must be appropriately addressed. This article reviews the most common balance abnormalities in hemiparetic patients with stroke and the main tools used to diagnose them.

Key words: balance evaluation, balance scales, balance tests, brain infarct, falls, hemiparesis, postural control, postural stability, posturography, stroke rehabilitation.

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