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Volume 45 Number 8, 2008
   Pages 1125 — 1134

Abstract - Can personality theory help us understand risk of falls?

Marita Kloseck, PhD;1* Richard G . Crilly, MD, FRCP(UK), FRCP(C);2 Maggie Gibson, PhD, CPsych3

1Faculty of Health Sciences and 2Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada; 3Veterans Care Program, Parkwood Hospital, St. Joseph's Health Care, London, Ontario, Canada

Abstract — Falling is one of the greatest challenges of aging, devastating for older individuals and expensive to the health system. While much research to date has focused on physical risk factors for falls, little is known about behavioral risk factors and the role of personality in the prevention of falls. This article examines the potential role personality theory can play in expanding our understanding of not only the risk of falling in individuals of advanced age but also older individuals' response to this risk. This article raises issues for consideration and formulates some examples of questions for future research.

Key words: aging, falls, falls risk, falls risk prevention, older adults, personality, personality trait, rehabilitation, Six Foci of Personality model, state.

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