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Volume 45 Number 9, 2008
   Pages 1303 — 1316

Abstract - Effect of inaccuracies in anthropometric data and linked-segment inverse dynamic modeling on kinetics of gait in persons with partial foot amputation

Michael P. Dillon, BPO(Hons), PhD;1* Timothy M. Barker, BE(Hons), PhD;2 Graeme Pettet, PhD3

1National Centre for Prosthetics and Orthotics, Musculoskeletal Research Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia; 2Stryker Pacific, West End, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; 3School of Mathematical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Abstract — The accuracy of data derived from linked-segment models depends on how well the system has been represented. Previous investigations describing the gait of persons with partial foot amputation did not account for the unique anthropometry of the residuum or the inclusion of a prosthesis and footwear in the model and, as such, are likely to have underestimated the magnitude of the peak joint moments and powers. This investigation determined the effect of inaccuracies in the anthropometric input data on the kinetics of gait. Toward this end, a geometric model was developed and validated to estimate body segment parameters of various intact and partial feet. These data were then incorporated into customized linked-segment models, and the kinetic data were compared with that obtained from conventional models. Results indicate that accurate modeling increased the magnitude of the peak hip and knee joint moments and powers during terminal swing. Conventional inverse dynamic models are sufficiently accurate for research questions relating to stance phase. More accurate models that account for the anthropometry of the residuum, prosthesis, and footwear better reflect the work of the hip extensors and knee flexors to decelerate the limb during terminal swing phase.

Key words: accuracy, amputation, anthropometric, gait, inverse dynamic, kinetics, linked-segment, models, moments, partial foot, rehabilitation.

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