Volume 46 Number 9, 2009
Pages 1085 — 1090
Abstract — Problems with skin integrity can disrupt daily prosthesis use and lead to decreased mobility and function in individuals with lower-limb loss. This study reviewed the literature to examine how skin problems are defined and diagnosed and to identify the prevalence and types of skin problems in individuals with lower-limb loss. We searched the literature for terms related to amputation and skin problems. We identified 777 articles. Of the articles, 90 met criteria for review of research methodology. Four clinical studies met our selection criteria. The prevalence rate of skin problems was 15% to 41%. The most commonly reported skin problems were wounds, abscesses, and blisters. Given the lack of standardized definitions of skin problems on residual limbs, we conclude this article with a system for classification.
Key words: amputation, epidemiology, lower-limb loss, prosthetic limb, rehabilitation, residual limb, review, skin diseases, skin integrity, skin problems.