Swallowing problems are a serious concern for many veterans, elderly people, and individuals with strokes or brain injuries. Tongue function is critical for swallowing. Research suggests that tongue resistance exercises can improve strength but not whether they improve swallowing. This study explored how nondisabled people apply tongue pressure to liquids during swallowing and compared these pressure patterns with those seen during different tongue resistance exercises. We identified tongue resistance exercise tasks with similar pressure profiles to nondisabled swallowing. We suggest that treatment should focus on these tasks to have the best chance of improving swallowing.
Volume 47 Number 7, 2010
Pages 651 — 660
Last Reviewed or Updated Thursday, October 7, 2010 9:31 AM