Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 48 Number 10, 2011
   Pages 1138 — 1137

Abstract — Reliability of daily step activity monitoring in adults with incomplete spinal cord injury

Saori Ishikawa, MS, ATC, CSCS;1* Sandy L. Stevens, PhD;1???2 Minsoo Kang, PhD;1 Don W. Morgan, PhD1

1Department of Health and Human Performance, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN; 2Department of Occupational Therapy, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN
Abstract???We determined the number of days of step activity monitoring required to establish stable measures of walking activity in adults with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). Eleven individuals with iSCI (mean age 49 +/??? 14 years) wore a StepWatch Activity Monitor during waking hours for 7 consecutive days. We used generalizability theory to identify sources of variance in daily step counts and determine the minimum number of days necessary to obtain a reliability coefficient (G-coefficient) greater than or equal to 0.80. Average daily step activity (DSA) was 1,281 +/??? 1,594 steps. Participants and days accounted for 70.9% and 1.3% of total variance in DSA, respectively, while unidentifiable error accounted for 27.8% of the total variance in DSA. A minimum of 2 days was required to achieve a G-coefficient greater than or equal to 0.80. An acceptably stable measure of walking activity in adults with iSCI can be obtained by averaging step count values from any 2-day period in a week. Results from this investigation should be useful in evaluating the effect of activity-based programs designed to enhance locomotor function in persons with iSCI.
Key words: daily step activity, exercise, generalizability theory, incomplete spinal cord injury, locomotor training, pedometer, physical activity, reliability, stable measure, step activity monitor.

View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 48, No. 10
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Ishikawa S, Stevens SL, Kang M, Morgan DW. Reliability of daily step activity monitoring in adults with incomplete spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2011;48(10): 1187???94.
DOI:10.1682/JRRD.2010.09.0190
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Last Reviewed or Updated  Tuesday, March 20, 2012 11:23 AM

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