Ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) are used to improve gait in people with various diseases. Research studies have shown that the stiffness of AFOs is important and affects gait. Therefore, many techniques have been developed to measure AFO stiffness. We reviewed these techniques to identify their strengths and weaknesses and make recommendations for clinical and industrial use. We found 35 studies and grouped them into 8 techniques based on the methods or sensors used. Knowledge from this study will help clinicians and engineers better understand the different techniques and their practical applications.
Volume 48 Number 5, 2011
Pages 565 — 576
Last Reviewed or Updated Tuesday, May 31, 2011 9:10 AM