Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 48 Number 7, 2011
   Pages 823 — 838

Abstract —  User evaluation of three wheelchair securement systems in large accessible transit vehicles

Linda van Roosmalen, PhD;* Patricia Karg, MS; Douglas Hobson, PhD; Michael Turkovich, MS; Erik Porach, BS

Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology, Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Wheelchair Transportation Safety, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA

Abstract — Ease of use, comfort, security, and independent use of three types of wheelchair securement systems were evaluated in a large accessible transit vehicle by 20 wheelchair and scooter users. The securement systems included a 4-point tie-down system, a prototype autodocking system, and a prototype rear-facing wheelchair passenger (RF-WP) system. Study participants took a 15-minute city ride and completed a survey. Participants responded positively to the autodocking and RF-WP systems that were quicker and easier to use and allowed more independent use than the 4-point tie-down system (p < 0.001). There was concern regarding the RF-WP system that rear-facing travel made it more difficult to see upcoming stops and was less comfortable than a forward-facing ride and that the system may damage wheelchair wheels during use. The majority of participants preferred using an autodocking system because it allowed secure and independent forward-facing travel. Participants found it undesirable, however, that a wheelchair-mounted docking adaptor was needed to use the autodocking system. Study results indicate a need for improved securement systems for forward-facing use that do not require a wheelchair adaptation and can be easily and independently used by wheelchair and scooter users.

Key words: autodocking, independent use, passenger injury, public transportation, rear facing, tie-down, transit, usability, wheelchair securement, wheelchair transportation.

View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 48, No. 7
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Van Roosmalen L, Karg P, Hobson D, Turkovich M, Porach E. User evaluation of three wheelchair securement systems in large accessible transit vehicles. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2011;48(7):823-38.

Last Reviewed or Updated  Thursday, August 18, 2011 12:44 PM

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