Limited evidence shows that time-limited residential treatment benefits homeless people with mental illness. The Department of Veterans Affairs has implemented 11 specialty programs for homeless female veterans. This study presents data comparing 1-year clinical outcomes in a group of homeless female veterans who did and did not receive at least 30 days of residential treatment. We found that women who benefited from a residential treatment program had better outcomes on employment, social support, housing status, and psychiatric symptoms. They also had significantly increased use of drugs and alcohol. This study suggests that residential treatment may improve mental health outcomes in homeless women.
Volume 48 Number 8, 2011
Pages 891 — 900
Last Reviewed or Updated Friday, October 14, 2011 9:39 AM