Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 48 Number 9, 2011
   Pages 1101 — 1108

Abstract —  Effect of depression on actual and perceived effects of reading rehabilitation for people with central vision loss

Patricia Grant, MS;1-3* William Seiple, PhD;1,3-4 Janet P. Szlyk, PhD1-3

1Research and Development, Jesse Brown Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Chicago, IL; 2The Sandy and Rick Forsythe Center for Comprehensive Vision Care at The Chicago Lighthouse for People Who are Blind or Visually Impaired, Chicago, IL, 3Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL; 4Lighthouse International, New York, NY

Abstract — To investigate the relationship between depression and quantitative measures of visual function, we recruited 18 subjects with central scotomas from macular degeneration who were enrolled in a reading rehabilitation program. Psychological batteries and reading assessments were administered prior to rehabilitation; reading assessments and a measure of adaptation to vision loss were administered following rehabilitation. We investigated relationships between reported levels of depressive symptoms and reading and adaptation outcome measures by using Pearson product moment correlation analysis. Results revealed a significant relationship between depression levels and reading acuity difference scores (r(16) = 0.54, p = 0.02) and changes in adaptation to vision loss levels (r(16) = 0.62, p = 0.01), suggesting that those who reported greater depressive symptoms did not respond as well functionally to reading rehabilitation but reported greater improvement in levels of adaptation to vision loss following rehabilitation. Future research should focus on defining standard methods to assess and remediate depression as part of the rehabilitation process.

Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT00125632, "Measuring Reading Rehabilitation Outcomes"; http://www. clinicaltrials.gov..

Key words: acquired vision loss, adaptation, age-related macular degeneration, central vision loss, depression, low vision, macular disease, outcomes, psychosocial factors, reading, vision rehabilitation, visual function.


View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 48, No. 9
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Grant P, Seiple W, Szlyk JP. Effect of depression on actual and perceived effects of reading rehabilitation for people with central vision loss. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2011;48(9):1101-8.
DOI:10.1682/JRRD.2010.05.0080
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Last Reviewed or Updated  Monday, November 21, 2011 12:02 PM

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