Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 49 Number 3, 2012
   Pages 339 — 350

Abstract — Preventive services in veterans in relation to disability

Alyson J. Littman, PhD, MPH;1–2* Thomas D. Koepsell, MD, MPH;1–3 Christopher W. Forsberg, MS;1 Jodie K. Haselkorn, MD, MPH;2,4–5 Edward J. Boyko, MD, MPH1

1Epidemiologic Research and Information Center, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA; Departments of 2Epidemiology, 3Health Services, and 4Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; 5Multiple Sclerosis Center of Excellence West, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle WA

Abstract — Veterans with disabilities are at an increased risk of secondary impairments and may have difficulty accessing preventive services; accessibility may differ between Veterans who do and do not receive care at Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities. We used data from the 2003 and 2004 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys to evaluate associations between disability and receipt of preventive services in Veterans. Veterans with a disability were more likely to have received influenza vaccinations (VA users and nonusers), pneumococcal vaccinations (VA nonusers: p < 0.001; VA users: p = 0.073), weight management counseling (VA nonusers: p < 0.001; male VA users: p < 0.001), lower gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy (VA nonusers: 50–64 yr, p = 0.03; VA users: 65 yr, p = 0.085), mammography (VA users: p = 0.097), and serum cholesterol screening (VA nonusers: p < 0.001). Receipt was similar by disability status for fecal occult blood test (FOBT), lower GI endoscopy (VA users: 50–64 yr), human immunodeficiency virus testing, and cervical cancer screening. For no measure was there significantly lower receipt in those with versus without a disability, although there was marginal evidence in VA nonusers for overall colorectal cancer screening (i.e., lower GI endoscopy or FOBT: p = 0.063). Among Veterans, having a disability did not appear to be a barrier to receiving appropriate preventive care.

Key words: cervical cancer screening, colon cancer screening, Department of Veterans Affairs, disability, prevention, preventive medicine, primary prevention, vaccination, Veterans, women’s health.

View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 49, No. 3
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Littman AJ, Koepsell TD, Forsberg CW, Haselkorn JK, Boyko EJ. Preventive services in veterans in relation to disability. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012;49(3):339–50.

Last Reviewed or Updated  Thursday, April 26, 2012 11:54 AM

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