Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

Quick Links

  • Health Programs
  • Protect your health
  • Learn more: A-Z Health
Veterans Crisis Line Badge
 

Volume 49 Number 4, 2012
   Pages 479 — 496

Abstract — Effects of robot-assisted therapy on stroke rehabilitation in upper limbs: Systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature

Nahid Norouzi-Gheidari, MSc, OT;* Philippe S. Archambault, PhD; Joyce Fung, PhD

Abstract–We systematically reviewed and analyzed the literature to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that employed robotic devices in upper-limb rehabilitation of people with stroke. Out of 574 studies, 12 matching the selection criteria were found. The Fugl-Meyer, Functional Independence Measure, Motor Power Scale, and Motor Status Scale outcome measures from the selected RCTs were pooled together, and the corresponding effect sizes were estimated. We found that when the duration/intensity of conventional therapy (CT) is matched with that of the robot-assisted therapy (RT), no difference exists between the intensive CT and RT groups in terms of motor recovery, activities of daily living, strength, and motor control. However, depending on the stage of recovery, extra sessions of RT in addition to regular CT are more beneficial than regular CT alone in motor recovery of the hemiparetic shoulder and elbow of patients with stroke; gains are similar to those that have been observed in intensive CT.

Keyword: activities of daily living, cerebrovascular accident, conventional therapy, Fugl-Meyer, Functional Independence Measure, intensive therapy, Motor Power Scale, Motor Status Scale, PEDro, randomized controlled trial.


View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 49, No. 4
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Norouzi-Gheidari N, Archambault PS, Fung J. Effects of robot-assisted therapy on stroke rehabilitation in upper limbs: Systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012;49(4):479–96.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2010.10.0210
ResearcherID: Nahid Norouzi-Gheidari, MSc, OT: D-1485-2012; P. S. Archambault, PhD: F-4675-2010; Joyce Fung, PhD: D-1488-2012
iThenticateCrossref

Last Reviewed or Updated  Wednesday, May 30, 2012 10:23 AM

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional