This study aimed to differentiate distinct from overlapping screen-based symptoms of traumatic brain injury (TBI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans using factor analytic techniques. Veterans seeking Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) care underwent VA population-based screening for TBI, PTSD, and depression. Overlapping symptoms were found between TBI and PTSD (irritability) and PTSD and depression (emotional numbing). Distinct TBI symptoms included dizziness, headaches, memory problems, and photophobia. Four separate constructs emerged: TBI; PTSD; depression; and a fourth construct consisting of two common postdeployment symptoms, hypervigilance and sleep problems. These findings highlight the need to increase our focus on symptoms that are common across screens in assessing, triaging, and initiating treatment among returning combat veterans.
Volume 49 Number 7, 2012
Pages 1115 — 1126
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Maguen S, Lau KM, Madden E, Seal K. Relationship of screen-based symptoms for mild traumatic brain injury and mental health problems in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans: Distinct or overlapping symptoms? J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012;49(7):1115-26.
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Last Reviewed or Updated Wednesday, October 24, 2012 12:08 PM