Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Postdeployment symptom changes and traumatic brain injury and/or posttraumatic stress disorder in men

Caroline A. Macera, PhD, et al.

Blast-related injuries associated with combat may result in mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) symptoms that are difficult to distinguish from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) based on symptom report. More than 12,000 U.S. Navy sailors and Marines who deployed between 2008 and 2009 reported symptoms immediately after returning from deployment and then about 6 months later. Those with probable PTSD and TBI formed a unique group defined by the development or persistence of all symptoms (except musculoskeletal) during the months after returning from deployment. Providers should evaluate whether servicemembers have both PTSD and TBI and focus on treating their symptoms rather than a specific diagnosis.

Volume 49 Number 8, 2012
   Pages 1197 — 1208


View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 49, No. 8
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Macera CA, Aralis HJ, MacGregor AJ, Rauh MJ, Galarneau MR. Postdeployment symptom changes and traumatic brain injury and/or posttraumatic stress disorder in men. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012;49(8):1197–1208.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/ JRRD.2011.07.0131
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Last Reviewed or Updated  Tuesday, December 11, 2012 9:20 AM

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