Volume 49 Number 9, 2012
Pages 1377 — 1398
Abstract — The prevalence of oculomotor dysfunctions associated with blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in warfighters has increased as a consequence of recent conflicts. This study evaluated the effectiveness of computerized oculomotor vision screening (COVS) in a military population. Oculomotor functions were assessed with COVS and by conventional methods in 20 U.S. military personnel with and 20 without mTBI. The validity of COVS was determined by Pearson correlation and Bland-Altman method or the kappa coefficient. The repeatability of the COVS was assessed with the coefficient of repeatability or the kappa coefficient. The results showed that COVS had high sensitivity and specificity for screening near oculomotor functions. Overall, the COVS showed excellent validity and repeatability for assessing near lateral and vertical phorias, Worth 4 Dot, and fixation, as well as pursuit and saccadic eye movements. Despite the strong Pearson correlation, the Bland-Altman analysis identified minor to moderate discrepancies for both positive and negative fusional vergence and their associated recovery as well as for the monocular accommodative facility measurements. This study demonstrated that non-eye-care professionals may be able to use the COVS as a tool to efficiently screen oculomotor functions in a military population with or without mTBI.
Key words: accommodation, binocular vision, computerized oculomotor vision screening, mTBI, oculomotor function, TBI, traumatic brain injury, vergence, version, vision.
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