Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Compensatory arm reaching strategies after stroke: Induced position analysis

Wei Liu, PhD, et al.

Figure 1. Schematic diagram of arm reaching in space with orientation of global coordinate systems. x-axis is directed laterally to right (flexion/extension axis), y-axis is directed anteriorly (abduction/ adduction axis), and z-axis is directed superiorly (internal/external rotation axis).

Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability in the United States. Over 795,000 Americans sustain a new or recurrent stroke each year. Americans paid about $73.7 billion in 2010 for stroke-related medical costs and disability. We proposed induced position analysis as a useful technique to look at basic motor function. This technique has not yet been utilized in functional arm reaching in stroke. We found that increased shoulder relative to elbow moment contribution was associated with less impairment and greater posttraining gains in speed of functional tasks.

Volume 50 Number 1, 2013
   Pages 71 — 84

View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 50, No. 1
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Liu W, McCombe Waller S, Kepple TM, Whitall J. Compensatory arm reaching strategies after stroke: Induced position analysis. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(1):71–84.

Last Reviewed or Updated  Monday, March 11, 2013 1:58 PM

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