Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 50 Number 2, 2013
   Pages 145 — 160

Abstract — Functional priorities, assistive technology, and brain-computer interfaces after spinal cord injury

Jennifer L. Collinger, PhD;1–3* Michael L. Boninger, MD;1–4 Tim M. Bruns, PhD;2 Kenneth Curley, MD;5 Wei Wang, MD, PhD;2–3 Douglas J. Weber, PhD1–4

1Human Engineering Research Laboratories, Department of Veterans Affairs Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, PA; Departments of 2Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 3Bioengineering, and 4Rehabilitation Science and Technology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA; 5U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, MD

Abstract — Spinal cord injury (SCI) often affects a person’s ability to perform critical activities of daily living and can negatively affect his or her quality of life. Assistive technology aims to bridge this gap in order to augment function and increase independence. It is critical to involve consumers in the design and evaluation process as new technologies such as brain-­computer interfaces (BCIs) are developed. In a survey study of 57 veterans with SCI participating in the 2010 National Veterans Wheelchair Games, we found that restoration of bladder and bowel control, walking, and arm and hand function (tetraplegia only) were all high priorities for improving quality of life. Many of the participants had not used or heard of some currently available technologies designed to improve function or the ability to interact with their environment. The majority of participants in this study were interested in using a BCI, particularly for controlling functional electrical stimulation to restore lost function. Independent operation was considered to be the most important design criteria. Interestingly, many participants reported that they would consider surgery to implant a BCI even though noninvasiveness was a high-priority design requirement. This survey demonstrates the interest of individuals with SCI in receiving and contributing to the design of BCIs.

Key words: assistive technology, brain-computer interface, disability, function, functional electrical stimulation, neuroprosthetics, priorities, quality of life, spinal cord injury, veterans.


View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 50, No. 2
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Collinger JL, Boninger ML, Bruns TM, Curley K, Wang W, Weber DJ. Functional priorities, assistive technology, and brain-computer interfaces after spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(2):145–60.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/2011.11.0213
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