Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 50 Number 2, 2013
   Pages 183 — 192

Abstract — Effects of structured vocational services in ex-offender veterans with mental illness: 6-month follow-up

James P. LePage, PhD;1* Avery A. Lewis, MA;1 Edward L. Washington, BS;1 Brandi Davis, MS;2 Anne Glasgow2

1Research and Development, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, TX; 2Dallas VA Research Corporation, Dallas, TX

Abstract — With more than 200,000 veterans incarcerated, a significant need exists for the development of technologies that help veterans with felony histories return to employment. This study evaluated the effect of three methods of vocational assistance on competitive employment over a 6 mo follow-up period: (1) basic vocational services, (2) self-study using a vocational manual designed for formerly incarcerated veterans, and (3) a group led by vocational staff using the vocational manual. We evaluated 111 veterans for time to obtain and total time of competitive employment. The group format was expected to be superior to the self-study and the self-study superior to basic services. Findings indicated that the group format was associated with quicker employment and more total employment than the basic and self-study conditions. Limitations and directions for future refinement are discussed.

Clinical Trial Registration:, NCT00648115, –Evaluating Vocational Materials for Incarcerated Veterans With Mental Illness or Substance Abuse–;

Key words: employment, ex-offenders, homelessness, manualized treatment, mental illness, prison, self-help, substance dependence, veterans, vocational rehabilitation.

View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 50, No. 2
This article and any supplemental material should be cited as:
LePage JP, Lewis AA, Washington EL, Davis B, Glasgow A. Effects of structured vocational services in ex-offender veterans with mental illness: 6-month follow-up. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(2):183–92.

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