Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Review of electrical stimulation, botulinum toxin, and their combination for spastic drop foot

Ari Jacob Levi Wilkenfeld, MD, PhD

This article reviews the available data on treatment options for spastic drop foot and makes recommendations for future research. Spastic drop foot is when a patient is unable to dorsiflex (flex upward) his or her ankle because of combined weakness of the ankle dorsiflexor muscles and spasticity of the ankle plantar flexor muscles. It is caused by neurological conditions such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injury. Although we do not know the exact number of veterans with spasticity or spastic drop foot, the conditions causing spastic drop foot are common among veterans. Given the high prevalence of these conditions and the potential for serious falls and injuries, drop foot is a significant issue for the veteran population.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2012.03.0044

Volume 50 Number 3, 2013
   Pages 315 — 326


View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 50, No. 3
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Wilkenfeld AJ. Review of electrical stimulation, botulinum toxin, and their combination for spastic drop foot. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(3):31526.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2012.03.0044
ResearcherID/ORCID: Ari Jacob Levi Wilkenfeld, MD, PhD: D-6366-2013
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Last Reviewed or Updated  Thursday, May 30, 2013 12:06 PM

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