Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Comparison of mechanical properties of silicone and PVC (polyvinylchloride) cosmetic gloves for articulating hand prostheses

Gerwin Smit, MSc; Dick H. Plettenburg, MSc, PhD

Although polyvinylchloride (PVC) and silicone cosmetic gloves have been used in upper-limb prosthetics for decades, almost nothing is known about their mechanical properties. In this study, two types of cosmetic gloves of the same hand size were objectively measured and compared (three PVC and three silicone). The amount of required energy, energy loss, and the stiffness of the different finger joints of each glove were measured. The outcomes showed that the silicone glove was much more flexible than the PVC glove, required less energy when flexing the finger joints, and dissipated less energy. These outcomes, considered with other significant features, may help when comparing the optimal materials for a cosmetic glove that is to be fitted to an active hand. The mechanical properties of these materials and the detailed design and structure of the glove are of increasing importance as more joints are included in the hand's motion.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2011.12.0238

Volume 50 Number 5, 2013
   Pages 723 — 732


View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 50, No. 5
This article and any supplemental material should be cited as follows:
Smit G, Plettenburg DH. Comparison of mechanical properties of silicone and PVC (polyvinylchloride) cosmetic gloves for articulating hand prostheses. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(5):723–32.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2011.12.0238
ResearcherID/ORCID: Gerwin Smit, MSc: B-9994-2012; Dick H. Plettenburg, MSc, PhD: C-1078-2012
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Last Reviewed or Updated  Friday, August 16, 2013 10:43 AM

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