Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 50 Number 5, 2013
   Pages 723 — 732

Abstract — Comparison of mechanical properties of silicone and PVC (polyvinylchloride) cosmetic gloves for articulating hand prostheses

Gerwin Smit, MSc;* Dick H. Plettenburg, MSc, PhD

Department of Biomechanical Engineering, Delft Institute of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands

Abstract — Current articulating electric and body-powered hands have a lower pinch force (15–34 N) than electric hands with stiff fingers (55–100 N). The cosmetic glove, which covers a hand prosthesis, negatively affects the mechanical efficiency of a prosthesis. The goal of this study is to mechanically compare polyvinylchloride (PVC) and silicone cosmetic gloves and quantify the stiffness of the finger joints, the required actuation energy, and the energy dissipation during joint articulation. Six cosmetic gloves, identical in size but made from different materials, were mechanically tested: three PVC and three silicone. The silicone gloves required less work and dissipated less energy during flexing. They also had a lower joint stiffness and required a lower maximum joint torque. Based on energy requirements, joint stiffness, and required joint torque, the tested silicone glove is most suitable for application on an articulating hand prosthesis.

Key words: cosmetic glove, efficiency, energy, hand prosthesis, hysteresis, PVC glove, silicone glove, stiffness, testing of prosthetic and orthotic components, upper-limb prosthetics.


View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 50, No. 5
This article and any supplemental material should be cited as follows:
Smit G, Plettenburg DH. Comparison of mechanical properties of silicone and PVC (polyvinylchloride) cosmetic gloves for articulating hand prostheses. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(5):723–32.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2011.12.0238
ResearcherID/ORCID: Gerwin Smit, MSc: B-9994-2012; Dick H. Plettenburg, MSc, PhD: C-1078-2012
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Last Reviewed or Updated  Friday, August 16, 2013 10:55 AM

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