Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 50 Number 9, 2013
   Pages 1301 — 1314

Abstract — Depression and experience of vision loss in group of adults in rehabilitation setting: Mixed-methods pilot study

Hugo Senra, PhD;1* Cristina R. Vieira, MA;2 Elizabeth G. Nicholls, MIT;3 Isabel Leal, PhD4

1University of Deusto, Faculty of Psychology, Bilbao, Spain; 2University of Santiago de Compostela, Faculty of Psychology, Santiago de Compostela, Spain; 3Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA; 4 ISPA, Instituto Universitário, UipesI&D, Lisbon, Portugal

Abstract — There is a paucity of literature regarding the relationship between the experience of vision loss and depression. Therefore, the current pilot study aimed to explore whether significant differences existed in levels of depression between adults with different vision loss experiences. A group of adults aged between 20 and 65 yr old with irreversible vision loss in a rehabilitation setting was interviewed. Semistructured interviews were conducted in order to explore patients– experience of vision loss. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to assess depressive levels; 39.5% (n = 15) of patients met CES-D criteria for depression. In addition, higher levels of depression (p < 0.05) were identified in patients whose interviews revealed greater self-??awareness of impairment, inadequate social support, and ??longer rehabilitation stay. Current findings draw attention to variables such as self-awareness of impairment and perceived social support and suggest that depression following vision loss may be related to patients– emotional experiences of impairment and adjustment processes.

Key words: depression, experience, mixed-methods, qualitative, rehabilitation, self-awareness, self-identification, social support, vision loss, well-being.


View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 50, No. 9
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Senra H, Vieira CR, Nicholls EG, Leal I. Depression and experience of vision loss in group of adults in rehabilitation setting: Mixed-methods pilot study. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(9):1301–14.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2012.08.0138
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