Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 50 Number 9, 2013
   Pages 1177 — 1186

Abstract — Association of vitamin D deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and heterotopic ossification in spinal cord injury

Christina V. Oleson, MD;1* Benjamin J. Seidel, DO;1 Tingting Zhan, PhD2

Departments of 1Rehabilitation Medicine and 2Biostatistics, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA

Abstract — Our objective was to explore the relationship between low vitamin D, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and heterotopic ossification (HO) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Ninety-six subjects with acute or chronic motor complete SCI participated. Levels of serum vitamin D25(OH), calcium, and intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) were collected, and information regarding nutritional patterns and fracture history was obtained from subjects. Evidence of current or previous HO was ascertained through chart review. Of the 96 subjects, 12 were found to have developed HO, 11 with serum vitamin D25(OH) between 5 and 17 ng/mL. Nine subjects exhibited secondary hyperparathyroidism in the range of 72 to 169 pg/mL. Only one subject demonstrated HO in the absence of low vitamin D. However, many subjects with low vitamin D (5–31 ng/mL) did not have hyperparathyroidism or HO. Statistical testing demonstrated a correlation between hyperparathyroidism and HO (>p < 0.001) as well as hyperparathyroidism and vitamin D deficiency (<20 ng/mL). Direct correlation between HO and low vitamin D was not observed, but hyperparathyroidism may increase this risk. We believe that those patients who demonstrate low vitamin D and elevated PTH should be screened for HO in addition to beginning vitamin supplementation. Initiating early treatment of low vitamin D to restore therapeutic levels may prevent development of HO.

Key words: bone, bone morphogenic protein, bone progenitor cells, deficiency, heterotopic ossification, hyperparathyroidism, parathyroid hormone, prevention, spinal cord injury, vitamin D.


View HTML  ¦  View PDF  ¦  Contents Vol. 50, No. 9
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Oleson CV, Seidel BJ, Zhan T. Association of vitamin D
deficiency, secondary hyperparathyroidism, and heterotopic ossification in spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2013;50(9):1177–86.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2012.11.0206
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Last Reviewed or Updated  Thursday, January 9, 2014 11:57 AM

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