Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Reliability of freehand three-dimensional ultrasound to measure scapular rotations

Lynn A. Worobey, PhD, et al.

Shoulder pain and pathology are common in veterans, particularly among those who use wheelchairs. These problems have been related to changes in scapular movement; however, existing methods for evaluating such movement are invasive, expose patients to radiation, or are inaccurate. This study evaluated the reliability of freehand three-dimensional ultrasound in determining scapular position. We found substantial to almost perfect reliability and low error for repeated scans in different arm positions. After further validation studies, this could be a new, noninvasive way to identify risk of shoulder pathology and preserve shoulder function.

Volume 51 Number 6, 2014
   Pages 985 — 994

View HTML ¦ View PDF ¦ Contents Vol. 51, No.6

This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Worobey LA, Udofa IA, Lin Y, Koontz AM, Farrokhi SS, Boninger ML. Reliability of freehand three-dimensional ultrasound to measure scapular rotations. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014;51(6):985–94.

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Last Reviewed or Updated  Thursday, October 16, 2014 10:52 AM

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