Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Changes in cognition and continence as predictors of rehabilitation outcomes in individuals with severe traumatic brain injury

David S. Kushner, MD; Doug Johnson-Greene, PhD

Uncertainty regarding long-term outcome expectations is a source of significant anguish to the families of veterans and civilians with recent severe traumatic brain injuries. There continues to be much controversy regarding factors during initial hospital care and inpatient rehabilitation that may be helpful in the prediction of recovery. This study investigates improvements in urinary and bowel continence as well as cognition by discharge from inpatient rehabilitation in nine patients who recovered independence by 8 to 15 mo after initial trauma. The results suggest that improvements in cognition twice the national average on the Functional Independence Measure and the recovery of bowel and bladder continence by discharge from inpatient rehabilitation may be associated with favorable long-term recoveries.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2014.01.0002

Volume 51 Number 7, 2014
   Pages 1057 — 1068


View HTML ¦ View PDF ¦ Contents Vol. 51, No.7

This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Kushner DS, Johnson-Greene D. Changes in cognition and continence as predictors of rehabilitation outcomes in individuals with severe traumatic brain injury. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014;51(7):1057–68.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2014.01.0002
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Last Reviewed or Updated  Thursday, November 13, 2014 12:47 PM

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