Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 51 Number 8, 2014
   Pages 1255 — 1264

Abstract — Pilot study of a strap-based custom wheelchair seating system in persons with spinal cord injury

John E. Ferguson, PhD;1–2* Becky L. Wittig, PT, ATP;1 Mark Payette, CO, ATP;3 Gary D. Goldish, MD;1–2 Andrew H. Hansen, PhD1–2

1Minneapolis Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Minneapolis, MN; 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; 3Tamarack Habilitation Technologies Inc, Minneapolis, MN

Abstract — Custom wheelchair seats can be used to help prevent pressure ulcers in individuals with spinal cord injury. In this study, a strap-based system was evaluated in three Veterans with spinal cord injury. Interface pressure distributions were measured after transfers, wheeling, and pressure relief maneuvers and after fittings by three different therapists. We found that pressure distribution measures were not generally affected after transfers and wheeling using the strap-based wheelchair and that pressure relief maneuvers were able to be performed. Additionally, all therapists were able to customize the wheelchair seat to clinically acceptable levels in 4 to 40 min for the three subjects. Future studies can test the long-term effects of using the strap-based wheelchair seat and identify individuals that would most benefit from a rapidly customizable wheelchair seat.

Key words: custom seating, custom wheelchair, interface pressure mapping, pressure relief maneuvers, pressure ulcer, SCI, spinal cord injuries, transfers, ulcer prevention, wheelchairs.


View HTML ¦ View PDF ¦ Contents Vol. 51, No.8

This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Ferguson JE, Wittig BL, Payette M, Goldish GD, Hansen AH. Pilot study of a strap-based custom wheelchair seating system in persons with spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014;51(8):1255–64.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2014.01.0007
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