Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 51 Number 9, 2014
   Pages 1455 — 1468

Abstract — Effect of adjusting pulse durations of functional electrical stimulation cycling on energy expenditure and fatigue after spinal cord injury

Ashraf S. Gorgey, MPT, PhD, FACSM;1–2* Hunter J. Poarch, BS;1 David R. Dolbow, DPT, PhD;1 Teodoro Castillo, MD;1 David R. Gater, MD, PhD3

1Spinal Cord Injury and Disorders Service, Hunter Holmes McGuire Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Richmond, VA; 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA; 3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA

Abstract — The purpose of the current study was to determine the effects of three different pulse durations (200, 350, and 500 microseconds [P200, P350, and P500, respectively]) on oxygen uptake, cycling performance, and energy expenditure (EE) percentage of fatigue of the knee extensor muscle group immediately and 48 to 72 h after cycling in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). A convenience sample of 10 individuals with motor complete SCI participated in a repeated-measures design using a functional electrical stimulation (FES) cycle ergometer over a 3 wk period. There was no difference among the three FES protocols on relative oxygen uptake or cycling EE. Delta EE between exercise and rest was 42% greater in both P500 and P350 than in P200 (p = 0.07), whereas recovery oxygen uptake was 23% greater in P350 than in P200 (p = 0.03). There was no difference in the outcomes of the three pulse durations on muscle fatigue. Knee extensor torque significantly decreased immediately after (p < 0.001) and 48 to 72 h after (p < 0.001) FES leg cycling. Lengthening pulse duration did not affect submaximal or relative oxygen uptake or EE, total EE, and time to fatigue. Greater recovery oxygen updake and delta EE were noted in P350 and P500 compared with P200. An acute bout of FES leg cycling resulted in torque reduction that did not fully recover 48 to 72 h after cycling.

Key words: cycling performance, energy expenditure, exercise, fatigue, functional electrical stimulation, oxygen uptake, pulse duration, rehabilitation, spinal cord injury, torque.


View HTML ¦ View PDF ¦ Contents Vol. 51, No.9

This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Gorgey AS, Poarch HJ, Dolbow DR, Castillo T, Gater DR. Effect of adjusting pulse durations of functional electrical stimulation cycling on energy expenditure and fatigue after spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2014; 51(9):1455–68.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2014.02.0054
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