Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 52 Number 2, 2015
   Pages 235 — 246

Abstract — Identifying contextual influences of community reintegration among injured servicemembers

Brent L. Hawkins, PhD, LRT/CTRS;1* Francis A. McGuire, PhD;1 Thomas W. Britt, PhD;2 Sandra M. Linder, PhD3

Departments of 1Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management and 2Psychology, and 3The Eugene T. Moore School of Education, Clemson University, Clemson, SC

Abstract — Research suggests that community reintegration (CR) after injury and rehabilitation is difficult for many servicemembers. However, little is known about the influence of the contextual factors, both personal and environmental, on CR. Framed within the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and social cognitive theory, the quantitative portion of a larger mixed-methods study of 51 injured, community-dwelling servicemembers compared the relative contribution of contextual factors between groups of servicemembers with different levels of CR. Cluster analysis indicated three groups of servicemembers showing low, moderate, and high levels of CR. Statistical analyses identified contextual factors that significantly discriminated between CR clusters. Multivariate analysis of variance and discriminant analysis indicated significant contributions of general self–efficacy, services and assistance barriers, physical and structural barriers, attitudes and support barriers, perceived level of disability and/or handicap, work and school barriers, and policy barriers to CR scores. Overall, analyses indicated that injured servicemembers with lower CR scores had lower general self-efficacy scores, reported more difficulty with environmental barriers, and reported their injuries as more disabling.

Key words: assistance barriers, community dwelling, community reintegration, contextual factors, CR, environmental factors, general self-efficacy, injured military servicemembers, personal factors, rehabilitation.

View HTML ¦ View PDF ¦ Contents Vol. 52, No.2

This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Hawkins BL, McGuire FA, Britt TW, Linder SM. Identifying contextual influences of community reintegration among injured servicemembers. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2015; 52(2):235–46.
ResearcherID: Brent L. Hawkins, PhD, LRT/CTRS: J-6998-2014

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