Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

Quick Links

  • Health Programs
  • Protect your health
  • Learn more: A-Z Health
Veterans Crisis Line Badge

Volume 52 Number 4, 2015
   Pages 397 — 406

Abstract — Surface electrical stimulation to evoke referred sensation

Johanna C. Forst; Derek C. Blok; Julia P. Slopsema; John M. Boss; Lane A. Heyboer; Carson M. Tobias; Katharine H. Polasek, PhD*

Department of Engineering, Hope College, Holland, MI

Abstract — Surface electrical stimulation (SES) is being investigated as a noninvasive method to evoke natural sensations distal to electrode location. This may improve treatment for phantom limb pain as well as provide an alternative method to deliver sensory feedback. The median and/or ulnar nerves of 35 subjects were stimulated at the elbow using surface electrodes. Strength-duration curves of hand sensation were found for each subject. All subjects experienced sensation in their hand, which was mostly described as a paresthesia-like sensation. The rheobase and chronaxie values were found to be lower for the median nerve than the ulnar nerve, with no significant difference between sexes. Repeated sessions with the same subject resulted in sufficient variability to suggest that recalculating the strength-duration curve for each electrode placement is necessary. Most of the recruitment curves in this study were generated with 28 to 36 data points. To quickly reproduce these curves with limited increase in error, we recommend 10 data points. Future studies will focus on obtaining different sensations using SES with the strength-duration curve defining the threshold of the effective parameter space.

Key words: artificial sensation, electrical stimulation, feedback, paresthesia, phantom limb pain, referred sensation, sensation, sensory feedback, strength-duration curve, surface electrodes.

View HTML ¦ View PDF ¦ Contents Vol. 52, No.4

This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Forst JC, Blok DC, Slopsema JP, Boss JM, Heyboer LA, Tobias CM, Polasek KH. Surface electrical stimulation to evoke referred sensation. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2015;52(4): 397–406.
ORCID: Katharine H. Polasek, PhD: 0000-0003-4317-8899

Go to TOP

Last Reviewed or Updated  Wednesday, August 12, 2015 1:23 PM

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional