Volume 52 Number 4, 2015
Pages 407 — 420
Abstract — Integral-Leg-Prosthesis (ILP) is a comparatively new attachment system that allows direct skeletal docking of artificial limbs. Between January 1999 and December 2013, 69 patients with transfemoral amputation were fitted with ILPs by a single German surgeon. Device design iterations and surgical techniques evolved during these years. For the purposes of comparison, patients receiving the first two designs and procedure iterations were placed in group 1 and the patients fitted with the final design were placed in group 2. Infection rate and planned and unplanned surgical interventions were statistically compared using Fisher exact test. Data demonstrated that the high rate of stoma-associated infections seen in group 1 was dramatically reduced in group 2. Of the 39 patients with 42 implants in group 2, none had operative interventions secondary to infection. All group 2 patients remained infection-free without the use of antibiotics by following a simple but defined wound-hygiene protocol. We concluded that the final iteration of the osseointegrated intramedullary device with a low energy surface at the soft tissue and prosthesis interface allowed a biologically stable skin stoma that remained infection-free without chronic use of antibiotics. The reduction in the infection rate was attributed to the clinically based, empirically driven changes in design and surgical techniques.
Key words: above-knee amputation, amputation, device design, infection rate, Integral-Leg-Prosthesis, osseointegrated prosthesis, prosthesis, skeletal docking system, titanium niobium oxynitride surface coating, transfemoral amputation.
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Last Reviewed or Updated Thursday, August 13, 2015 10:55 AM