Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Association between pain outcomes and race and opioid treatment: Retrospective cohort study of Veterans

Diana J. Burgess, PhD, et al.

Previously, we found rates of opioid prescriptions to be lower among black versus white Department of Veterans Affairs primary care patients with a diagnosis of chronic noncancer pain. In this study, we found that these racial differences in opioid prescription were not associated with poorer pain outcomes for black patients; receipt of an opioid prescription was generally not associated with perceptions of treatment effectiveness and was associated with greater pain interference for both white and black Veterans. Findings raise questions about the benefits of opioids for chronic pain, in light of the risks, and point to the need for alternative treatment approaches.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2014.10.0252

Volume 53 Number 1, 2016
   Pages 13 — 24


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This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Burgess DJ, Gravely AA, Nelson DB, Bair MJ, Kerns RD, Higgins DM, Farmer MM, Partin MR. Association between pain outcomes and race and opioid treatment: Retrospective cohort study of Veterans. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2016;53(1):13–24.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2014.10.0252
ORCID: Diana J. Burgess, PhD: 0000-0003-1139-7739; Robert D. Kerns, PhD: 0000-0001-7609-2771; Diana M. Higgins, PhD: 0000-0002-6885-266X
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Last Reviewed or Updated  Tuesday, February 2, 2016 10:12 AM

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