Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Development of a comprehensive Blast-Related Auditory Injury Database (BRAID)

Antony R. Joseph, AuD, PhD, et al.

The long-term effects of blast exposures on human auditory systems in combat environments have not been clearly described. Previous studies have been small in sample size and have included nonmilitary subjects and children. Reliable medical surveillance data, such as audiograms, have been collected from U.S. military personnel for decades but have not been applied in studies with expeditionary medical encounter data. We created a database for research on the hearing health status of deployed servicemembers to provide decisive insight about operational readiness, injury prevention, and related medical problems.

Volume 53 Number 3, 2016
   Pages 295 — 306

View HTML ¦ View PDF ¦ Contents Vol. 53, No.3

This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Joseph AR, Horton JL, Clouser MC, MacGregor AJ, Louie M, Galarneau MR. Development of a comprehensive Blast-Related Auditory Injury Database (BRAID). J Rehabil Res Dev. 2016;53(3):295–306.
ORCID: Antony R. Joseph, AuD, PhD: 0000-0001-7740-620X; Jaime L. Horton, MPH: 0000-0001-9212-178X; Mary C. Clouser, MPH, PhD: 0000-0001-6929-4412
Abbreviations:AIS = Abbreviated Injury Scale, BRAID = Blast-Related Auditory Injury Database, DMDC = Defense Manpower Data Center, DOD = Department of Defense, DOEHRS = Defense Occupational and Environmental Health Readiness System, DOEHRS-DR = DOEHRS-Data Repository, DOEHRS-HC = DOEHRS-Hearing Conservation, EMED = Expeditionary Medical Encounter Database, HCP = Hearing Conservation Program, HL = hearing level, ICD-9 = International Classification of Diseases-9th Revision, LFPTA = low-frequency pure-tone average, MDR = Military Health System Data Repository, MTF = military treatment facility, NIHL = noise-induced hearing loss, OSHA = Occupational Safety and Health Administration, PTA = pure-tone average, SD = standard deviation, VA = Department of Veterans Affairs.
*Address all correspondence to Antony R. Joseph, AuD, PhD; Illinois State University, Communication Sciences and Disorders, Campus Box 4720, Normal, IL 61790; 309-438-7061; fax: 309-438-5221. Email:

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Last Reviewed or Updated  Tuesday, May 10, 2016 11:21 AM

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