Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 53 Number 4, 2016
   Pages 457 — 472

Abstract — Home-based hand rehabilitation after chronic stroke: Randomized, controlled single-blind trial comparing the MusicGlove with a conventional exercise program

Daniel K. Zondervan, PhD;1* Nizan Friedman, PhD;2 Enoch Chang, MD;3 Xing Zhao, MD;3 Renee Augsburger, OTR/L;4 David J. Reinkensmeyer, PhD;1–3,5 Steven C. Cramer, MD3,5–6

Departments of 1Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, 2Biomedical Engineering, and 3Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA; 4Rehabilitation Services, University of California at Irvine Medical Center, Irvine, CA; Departments of 5Anatomy and Neurobiology and 6Neurology, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA

Abstract — Individuals with chronic stroke have limited options for hand rehabilitation at home. Here, we sought to determine the feasibility and efficacy of home-based MusicGlove therapy. Seventeen participants with moderate hand impairment in the chronic phase of stroke were randomized to 3 wk of home-based exercise with either the MusicGlove or conventional tabletop exercises. The primary outcome measure was the change in the Box and Blocks test score from baseline to 1 mo posttreatment. Both groups significantly improved their Box and Blocks test score, but no significant difference was found between groups. The MusicGlove group did exhibit significantly greater improvements than the conventional exercise group in Motor Activity Log Quality of Movement and Amount of Use scores 1 mo posttherapy (p = 0.007 and p = 0.04, respectively). Participants significantly increased their use of MusicGlove over time, completing 466 gripping movements per day on average at study end. MusicGlove therapy was not superior to conventional tabletop exercises for the primary end point but was nevertheless feasible and led to a significantly greater increase in self-reported functional use and quality of movement of the impaired hand than conventional home exercises.

Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov; "Influence of Timing on Motor Learning"; NCT01769326;
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01769326

Key words: hand impairment, hand therapy, home therapy, Motor Activity Log, music therapy, randomized controlled trial, rehabilitation, stroke, task-specific rehabilitation, virtual reality.


View HTML ¦ View PDF ¦ Contents Vol. 53, No.4

This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Zondervan DK, Friedman N, Chang E, Zhao X, Augsburger R, Reinkensmeyer DJ, Cramer SC. Home-based hand rehabilitation after chronic stroke: Randomized, controlled single-blind trial comparing the MusicGlove with a conventional exercise program. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2016;53(4):457–72.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2015.04.0057
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