Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 53 Number 5, 2016
   Pages 541 — 550

Abstract — Multivariate assessment of subjective and objective measures of social and family satisfaction in Veterans with history of traumatic brain injury

Henry J. Orff, PhD;1* Chelsea C. Hays, BS;2 Elizabeth W. Twamley, PhD1

1Veterans Integrated Service Network 22 Center of Excellence for Stress and Mental Health, Clinical and Health Services Research, Department of Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA; and Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA; 2San Diego State University/University of California San Diego Joint Doctoral Program in Clinical Psychology, San Diego, CA

Abstract —  Approximately 20% of current-era Veterans have sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can result in persistent postconcussive symptoms. These symptoms may disrupt family and social functioning. We explored psychiatric, postconcussive, and cognitive factors as correlates of objective functioning and subjective satisfaction in family and social relationships. At entry into a supported employment study, 50 unemployed Veterans with a history of mild to moderate TBI and current cognitive impairment were administered baseline assessments. Multivariate stepwise regressions determined that higher levels of depressive symptomatology were strongly associated with less frequent social contact, as well as lower subjective satisfaction with family and social relationships. Worse verbal fluency predicted less frequent social contact, whereas worse processing speed and switching predicted higher levels of subjective satisfaction with family relationships. The pattern of results remained similar when examining those Veterans with only mild TBI. Depressive symptoms and cognitive functioning may affect Veterans' social contact and satisfaction with family and social relationships. Evidence-based interventions addressing depression and cognition may therefore aid in improving community reintegration and satisfaction with social and family relationships.

Key Words: cognitive performance, community reintegration, depression, family contacts, postconcussive symptoms, quality of life, social relationships, social satisfaction, traumatic brain injury, Veterans.


View HTML ¦ View PDF ¦ Contents Vol. 53, No.5

This article and any supplemental material should be cited as follows:
Orff HJ, Hays CC, Twamley EW. Multivariate assessment of subjective and objective measures of social and family satisfaction in Veterans with history of traumatic brain injury. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2016;53(5):541–50.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2014.11.0295
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