Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 53 Number 5, 2016
   Pages 599 — 610

Abstract — Reliability and validity of the inertial sensor-based Timed "Up and Go" test in individuals affected by stroke

Seline Wüest, PhD;1* Fabien Massé, PhD;2 Kamiar Aminian, PhD;2 Roman Gonzenbach, MD, PhD;3 Eling D. de Bruin, PhD1

1Department of Health Sciences and Technology, Institute of Human Movement Sciences and Sport, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland; 2Laboratory of Movement Analysis and Measurement, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; 3Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Abstract — The instrumented Timed "Up and Go" test (iTUG) has the potential for playing an important role in providing clinically useful information regarding an individual's balance and mobility that cannot be derived from the original single-­outcome Timed "Up and Go" test protocol. The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of the iTUG using body-fixed inertial sensors in people affected by stroke. For test-retest reliability analysis, 14 individuals with stroke and 25 nondisabled elderly patients were assessed. For validity analysis, an age-matched comparison of 12 patients with stroke and 12 nondisabled controls was performed. Out of the 14 computed iTUG metrics, the majority showed excellent test-retest reliability expressed by high intraclass correlation coefficients (range 0.431–0.994) together with low standard error of measurement and smallest detectable difference values. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated good agreement between two repeated measurements. Significant differences between patients with stroke and nondisabled controls were found in 9 of 14 iTUG parameters analyzed. Consequently, these results warrant the future application of the inertial sensor-based iTUG for the assessment of physical deficits poststroke in longitudinal study designs.

Key Words: assessment, balance, inertial sensors, instrumented Timed "Up and Go" test, mobility, motor function test, rehabilitation, stroke, test-retest reliability, validity.


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This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Wüest S, Massé F, Aminian K, Gonzenbach R, de Bruin ED. Reliability and validity of the inertial sensor-based Timed "Up and Go" test in individuals affected by stroke. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2016;53(5):599–610.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2015.04.0065
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