Volume 53 Number 6, 2017
Pages 1089 — 1106
Abstract — Prosthetic alignment is an important factor in the overall fit and performance of a lower-limb prosthesis. However, the association between prosthetic alignment and control strategies used by persons with transfemoral amputation to coordinate the movement of a passive prosthetic knee is poorly understood. This study investigated the biomechanical response of persons with transfemoral amputation to systematic perturbations in knee joint alignment during a level walking task. Quantitative gait data were collected for three alignment conditions: bench alignment, 2 cm anterior knee translation (ANT), and 2 cm posterior knee translation (POST). In response to a destabilizing alignment perturbation (i.e., the ANT condition), participants significantly increased their early-stance hip extension moment, confirming that persons with transfemoral amputation rely on a hip extensor strategy to maintain knee joint stability. However, participants also decreased the rate at which they loaded their prosthesis, decreased their affected-side step length, increased their trunk flexion, and maintained their prosthesis in a more vertical posture at the time of opposite toe off. Collectively, these results suggest that persons with transfemoral amputation rely on a combination of strategies to coordinate stance-phase knee flexion. Further, comparatively few significant changes were observed in response to the POST condition, suggesting that a bias toward posterior alignment may have fewer implications in terms of stance-phase, knee joint control.
Key words: alignment, amputation, artificial limbs, gait analysis, hip, knee, load cell, transfemoral, treadmill, trunk.
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Last Reviewed or Updated Thursday, March 16, 2017 12:50 PM