Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development (JRRD)

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Volume 53 Number 6, 2016
   Pages 1023 — 1034

Abstract — Efficacy of extremely low-frequency magnetic field in fibromyalgia pain: A pilot study

Teresa Paolucci, MD, PhD;1* Giulia Piccinini, MD;1 Marco Iosa, PhD;2 Cristina Piermattei, MD;1 Simona de Angelis, MD;1 Maria Rosaria Grasso, MD;1 Federico Zangrando, FT;1 Vincenzo Maria Saraceni, MD1

1Complex Operative Unit in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Azienda Policlinico Umberto I, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 2Clinical Laboratory of Experimental Neurorehabilitation, Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy

Abstract — The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the efficacy of an extremely low-frequency magnetic field (ELF-MF) in decreasing chronic pain in fibromyalgia (FM) patients. Thirty-seven females were recruited and randomized into two groups: one group was first exposed to systemic ELF-MF therapy (100 microtesla, 1 to 80 Hz) and then to sham therapy, and the other group received the opposite sequence of intervention. Pain, FM-related symptoms, and the ability to perform daily tasks were measured using the Visual Analog Scale, Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), Fibromyalgia Assessment Scale (FAS), and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) at baseline, end of first treatment cycle, beginning of second treatment cycle (after 1 mo washout), end of second treatment cycle, and end of 1 mo follow-up. ELF-MF treatment significantly reduced pain, which increased on cessation of therapy but remained significantly lower than baseline levels. Short-term benefits were also observed in FIQ, FAS, and HAQ scores, with less significant effects seen in the medium term. ELF-MF therapy can be recommended as part of a multimodal approach for mitigating pain in FM subjects and improving the efficacy of drug therapy or physiotherapy.

Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov; "Very low ??frequency magnetic fields in the treatment of fibromyalgia": NCT02231541; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02231541?term=NCT02231541&rank=1

Key words: chronic pain, electromagnetic fields, ELF, extremely low-frequency, fibromyalgia, magnetic fields, magnetotherapy, pain, physical therapy, rehabilitation.


View HTML ?? View PDF ?? Contents Vol. 53, No. 6
This article and any supplementary material should be cited as follows:
Paolucci T, Piccinini G, Iosa M, Piermattei C, de Angelis S, Grasso MR, Zangrando F, Saraceni VM. Efficacy of extremely low-frequency magnetic field in fibromyalgia pain: A pilot study. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2016;53(6):1023–34.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2015.04.0061
ORCID: Teresa Paolucci, MD, PhD: 0000-0002-8694-1404
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